Mark Coeckelbergh describes influential AI narratives, ranging from Frankenstein's monster to transhumanism and the technological singularity. He surveys relevant philosophical discussions: questions about the fundamental differences between humans and machines and debates over the moral status of AI. He explains the technology of AI, describing different approaches and focusing on machine learning and data science. He offers an overview of important ethical issues, including privacy concerns, responsibility and the delegation of decision making, transparency, and bias as it arises at all stages of data science processes. He also considers the future of work in an AI economy. Finally, he analyzes a range of policy proposals and discusses challenges for policymakers. He argues for ethical practices that embed values in design, translate democratic values into practices and include a vision of the good life and the good society.
2. Superintelligence, Monsters, and the AI Apocalypse
3. All about the Human
4. Just Machines?
5. The Technology
6. Don’t Forget the Data (Science)
7. Privacy and the Other Usual Suspects
8. A-responsible Machines and Unexplainable Decisions
9. Bias and the Meaning of Life
10. Policy Proposals
11. Challenges for Policymakers
12. It’s the Climate, Stupid! On Priorities, the Anthropocene, and Elon Musk’s Car in Space